Conduct and attire should reflect respect for other participants, the debate activity
itself, and the mission of CCofSE. Participants are encouraged to err on the side
of caution, to do everything decently and in order (1 Corinthians 14:40, 1
Corinthians 16:14), and to avoid even the appearance of wrongdoing (I
Thessalonians 5:22).


Concerns about violations of the Policy Debate Rules and Standards should be
handled according to the guidelines specified in the CCofSE Code of Conduct.
The tournament director will have the final say in determining any action that may
be required.

Affirmative Case Structure

The following are suggested case structures for CCofSE Policy cases:
• Needs Analysis Affirmative (Plan meets need)
• Comparative Advantage Affirmative
• Goals Criteria Affirmative
Alternative Justification Affirmative Cases (AJAC cases) are not allowed. (see
Teams should clearly identify the case structure they are using in the 1AC, or be
prepared to do so upon cross-examination.
All Affirmative cases must be prima facia.

Negative Case Structure

• A Topicality challenge, if any, should be presented in the first Negative
Constructive speech.
• Use of the Emory Switch is discouraged.
• Counterplans are allowed, but should be non-topical. In other words,
a Counterplan should not fulfill the resolution (as defined by the
Affirmative). A Counterplan should demonstrate that a reasonable
alternative plan would be better policy than either the status quo or the
Affirmative plan. Counterplans should be presented in the first Negative
Constructive speech.
• Minor Repairs are allowed. Minor Repairs, by definition, cannot be topical,
because they require the use of structures and/or precedents already
within the status quo. A Minor Repair is not the same as a Counterplan,
so there should be no policy changes, or changes of agency, etc..
• Splitting the Negative Block is allowed, but new arguments are prohibited
in the rebuttal speeches.


Arguments are to be supported by evidence or logic, not simply a debater’s
opinion, no matter how eloquently and persuasively the point is argued.
Tag-teaming with a partner or audience member is prohibited.

Dropped arguments

An argument is considered dropped if opponents do not respond to it in their next
speech. There is no penalty for dropped arguments, but once dropped an
argument should not be picked up later in the debate unless the opposing team
continues the discussion.


Debaters may not use electronic devices other than timepieces in a round.
Recording or videotaping of any or all of a round is allowed only with the
permission of all debaters involved.


Competitors will be evaluated on their analysis, use of evidence, and ability to
effectively and persuasively organize, deliver, and refute arguments. All
speeches should be pleasant, comprehensible, and persuasive in tone. Rapidfire delivery, commonly called "speed and spread delivery," is considered
antithetical to the purpose and intent of this event and is not allowed.

Judging Paradigm

Voting Issues

The stock issues, or voting issues – topicality, significance, inherency, and
solvency – shall be the basis of the voting decision for policy debate rounds. The
affirmative team must win all four stock issues in order to win the round. The
negative team need win only one stock issue to win the round.
Disadvantages are also a voting issue, and will fall under either solvency or
significance at the discretion of the judge.